Carlo Bocconcelli, a senior at Falmouth Academy and student researcher working in the lab of MBL scientist Joel Smith under the guidance of postdoctoral associate Sarah Tulin, won second place in the Intel International Science Fair Competition, held last week in Los Angeles. Carlo’s project involved developing a method for detecting regulatory regions in the sea urchin genome which produced promising results the lab intends to submit for publication this summer. Carlo will be joining Harvard’s freshman class this coming fall. Congratulations, Carlo!
Mon 19 May 2014
Wed 7 May 2014
The major messages of the Third National Climate Assessment released yesterday — climate change is already here, its impacts are being felt in every U.S. region, it is caused by human activity, and it is not too late to take action — were discussed far and wide, in thousands of news articles and broadcasts across the nation. For scientists like the MBL’s Jerry Melillo who have spent decades documenting global climate change, this is a great leap forward. This White House infographic summarizes some of the major findings of the Assessment, and outlines national plans to prepare for climate change impacts, reduce carbon pollution, and lead international efforts to address global climate change. Melillo is chairman of the federal advisory committee that prepared the assessment for the interagency U.S. Global Change Research Program.
Thu 1 May 2014
We congratulate the following members of the MBL community who were recently elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences class of 2014. One of the nation’s most prestigious honorary societies, the Academy is also a leading center for independent policy research.
Members contribute to Academy publications and studies of science and technology policy, energy and global security, social policy and American institutions, and the humanities, arts, and education.
- Kenneth A. Dill, Stony Brook University, alumnus, Physiology
- Leslie Anne Leinwand, University of Colorado, Boulder, MBL Society Member; former faculty, Physiology
- Claudio Daniel Stern, University College London, former faculty, Embryology; former lecturer, Embryology
- Dora E. Angelaki, Baylor College of Medicine, former lecturer, Neural Systems & Behavior
- Bruce Palmer Bean, Harvard Medical School , former lecturer, Neurobiology, Methods in Computational Neuroscience
- John Henry Richard Maunsell, University of Chicago, former faculty, Methods in Computational Neuroscience
- David A. McCormick, Yale University School of Medicine, former faculty/lecturer, Methods in Computational Neuroscience
- Larry James Young, Emory University, former lecturer, Neural Systems & Behavior
- Graham A.C. Bell, McGill University, former faculty, X-Microbiology
The Academy also elected 26 members with UChicago ties, including eight faculty members and three trustees.
Read more about the Academy’s new class here.
Mon 28 Apr 2014
A whimsical, enlightening video about cuttlefish camouflage by Jacob Gindi, a senior and biology major at Brown University, appeared in The New York Times last week. Gindi had encountered live cuttlefish when he visited the MBL’s Marine Resources Center as a student in The Art and Science of Visual Perception, a Brown course co-taught by Roger Hanlon of the MBL and Mark Milloff of Rhode Island School of Design. Gindi then had a chance to make a CreatureCast video in Casey Dunn’s Invertebrate Zoology class at Brown. Inspired by Hanlon’s research, Gindi’s artful video about the cuttlefish’s amazingly adaptive skin can be enjoyed by marine biology-lovers of all ages.
“It is so gratifying to see science and art promoted at this national/international scale,” says Hanlon, an MBL senior scientist and professor in Brown’s Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department through the Brown-MBL Partnership and Graduate Program.
Fri 25 Apr 2014
Pedestrians in Edinburgh, Scotland, have been treated to a springtime display of giant photos of “glowing” or bioluminescent animals, including images of the jellyfish Aequorea aequorea captured by MBL Distinguished Scientist and 2008 Nobel Laureate Osamu Shimomura (panel behind girl on bike).
The display, called “Living Lights,” was part of the 2014 Edinburgh International Science Festival and this week is moving to another venue in Edinburgh, Our Dynamic Earth, where it will remain through October.
Shimomura took these photos of Aequorea in 1961, when he was a young chemist at Princeton University asking, “What makes the jellyfish glow?” He captured thousands of jellyfish from the waters off Friday Harbor, Washington, and painstakingly searched for their bioluminescence molecule. The two photos on top (below) and at the one at bottom left he took in daylight, shooting directly into the clear Friday Harbor water, using a Nikon F camera and 50 mm lens. Shimomura brought one jellyfish into a darkroom and exposed it to fresh water to trigger its luminescence, allowing him to capture the phenomena on camera (bottom right).
Shimomura did find and isolate the jellyfish’s bioluminescence protein—which he called “aequorin” –that year, and in the process he also discovered a fluorescent jellyfish protein that he called “green protein.”
Years later, in 1994, Martin Chalfie of Columbia University discovered that the jellyfish’s green fluorescent protein (GFP) could be an extremely useful tool for lighting up microscopic cells and their parts for study. GFP and other fluorescent proteins are now used in biomedical research worldwide, and they have been crucial in illuminating many processes that were previously invisible, such as the development of nerve cells or the spread of cancer. Shimomura, Chalfie, and Roger Tsien of University of California, San Diego, were awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their contributions to GFP’s discovery and applications.